Dw-Yemen.Living in Sana’a has become very harsh, especially after the insane rise of prices of basic commodities, which in some goods reached 300 per cent.
In the early morning, workers go to streets of Sana’a in search of work throughout the streets of the capital waiting for any opportunity to work and the most famous areas of the workers gathering are Daresstour, Hizyaz tour, the door of Yemen tour and Taiz tour in Sana’a where every morning between two thousand to three thousand Yemeni workers are sitting on the sidewalks, opposing themselves to cheaply work and received daily, If there is any`, as a fee that does not equal even a small amount of food for one family.
Workers, “plumbing, paint, tiles, construction, drilling and other professions, many of them find themselves more days of the month without work as a result of the awful situation experienced by the country, while others are forced to work for greedy contractors for small amounts do not cover even half of their daily expenses.
The workers were exposed to the great impact of the pay cut on their day-to-day work. They said that salaries are the most important factor in moving the labor market, whether in the field of buildings, public commerce or otherwise.
“ The tragedy of the war-torn workers in Yemen – ignited by internal political parties, Arab and Western countries four years ago – has lost the workers’ labor and worsen their situation and human suffering” said Emad al-Aqili to Daily Worker.
The situation of the Yemeni workers has become a tragedy and a real human catastrophe to this large group, as one of the results of the war, which has shattered all the hopes and jobs of the Yemenis along the map of the country.
Unemployment in every house of Yemenis, and turned into armies of the unemployed, except for those working in the digging of graves or people who are being camped in combat areas ».
Many workers in Yemen have stopped their work, whether working in the public or private sector or those who work with daily or monthly payment. “In short, all workers in Yemen are now equal in suffering, and no one is better than anyone.”
Official statistics confirmed that more than half of the industrial establishments in Yemen were out of service and stopped working as a result of the war on Yemen. The statistic said that more than 65 percent of workers in the private sector were demobilized from their jobs, which, according to statistics, Unemployment to about 75 per cent in Yemen.
According to another report issued by the Center ofStudies and Economic’ media, one million and 500 Yemeni workers lost their jobs, while 800 contracting companies stopped. While international organizations report that nearly 3 million Yemeni workers have lost their jobs in various economic sectors that are affected by the conflict.
According to UN reports, the war in Yemen has led to a frightening deterioration of the economy and the demobilization of 70 per cent of private sector employment.
A report by the World Bank also confirms the rise in unemployment in Yemen to more than 60 per cent among young Yemenis, with the poverty rate rising to 55 per cent of the total population of 30 million, especially with the interruption of salaries and the enrollment of hundreds of thousands of civilians and military ranks the unemployment.
The report predicted that poverty will remain high at around 75 per cent in 2018 and 75 per cent in 2019. According to the report, violent conflicts in Yemen have led to a serious deterioration in the country’s economic and social conditions, resulting in a sharp decline in production and household income levels , And poverty rates have risen significantly as nearly 80 per cent of the population lives on less than $ 3.2 per person per day.
The leader of the Houthi, the President of the Political Council made a unilateral initiative directing the government to establish a special account in the branch of the Central Bank of Yemen in the province of Hodeidah
The initiative includes the supply of three port revenues (Hodeidah, Ras Issa, Salif) to the special account for the payment of salaries for all Yemenis
The political council added: “the other party should take the full responsibility in case of evasion and avoidance of the understanding that was made on the economic paper during the consultations of Sweden
Before the announcement of Houthi, the government of President Hadi said the same words, and all that, is considered only media statements that have not been implemented on the ground.
War and bombardment of enterprises halted investments and caused a lack of employment opportunities
The fifth year respectably and Yemen still under the fires of war and the global siege imposed on airports and ports, which targeted humans, trees stone, the difficult economic living conditions imposed on the Yemenis in general and young people, especially the execution of jobs, hope and targeting schools, universities, factories and companies, causing them to stop jobs, salaries and leave the principles, so that Unemployment and war are two-fold injustice to Yemeni youth and people have lost hopes.
The risk of polarization
The economic and political situation that Yemen is going through has increased the difficulty and doubled the suffering of young people and made the attention of the competent authorities to get out of the current crisis and face the crisis in Yemen, in light of fears that the conditions of war represent a fertile environment for attracting young people from extremist groups, Cities and areas under the control of terrorist forces and groups.
A recent UN report notes that “Yemen’s unemployment rate is the largest in the Middle East and Africa, which is a danger to the future of young people, especially as the development of the country stops.”
In a recent local survey conducted to measure the problems and aspirations of Yemeni youth, 70% said that “educational outcomes in Yemen are not suitable for the labor market” and 89% supported “double employment as an important cause of unemployment” among young people in Yemen
According to the survey, job opportunities do not come early. Young people under the age of 20 are the most unemployed (85%) compared with those over the age of 35 (50%), In terms of gender, the proportion of male workers (35%) is slightly higher than that of women (28%). It is not clear, of course, that this ratio reflects the general situation in Yemen.
It also appears that “job opportunities are low” in the opinion of 44% of respondents, 19% of whom believe that “they do not have a job at all,” and these are the most pessimistic among the participants.
Self-employment and the private sector are the most preferred to work, with 29% and 28%, respectively.
19% said they do not differentiate between sectors, and younger than 20 years of age are the most inclined to the option of self-employment (34%). Those who exceed 25% prefer the private sector (31%).
Effects of “bribery”
In the survey, 32% of respondents said that bribery and corruption were the cause of losing a job they deserved. This effect was more negative among young people aged 25-29 years.
The proportion of young people among the poorest workers is expected to be the largest. An ILO report found that 156 million working young people live in extreme or moderate poverty. The unemployment rate among young people will rise to 13.1%, bringing the number of unemployed youth to 71 million. The Arab countries will be ranked the most unemployed regions in the world. Youth unemployment will reach 30.6%, with large gaps between the sexes and high rates, of Yemeni workers .
The Saudi regime, led by the coalition war against Yemen, has caused the disruption of all forms of economic activity and increased unemployment rates, especially among young people, which continue to worsen day after day as the war continues.
The Saudi-led coalition war has made life even harder for Yemen. Before Saudi Arabia launched the war on March 26, 2015, many Yemenis were struggling to earn a living and support their families. The security situation has deteriorated throughout the country, according to the International Committee of the Red Cross, which said in 2013 that people in Yemen affected by fighting and other violence were struggling to meet their basic needs.
Yemen is living a war that has entered its fifth year and is described as a “futile war” in which the Saudi regime committed war crimes and massacres. It also caused the suspension of all economic and social life. Poverty, within the framework of the land, sea and air blockade imposed by the Saudi-UAE alliance.
The New York Times reported that the parallel war in Yemen was the “economic war” waged by Saudi Arabia “with great care, and tragically.”
Under the leadership of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, the alliance and its Yemeni allies, the Saudi-backed government, are using a series of punitive economic measures to weaken the Huthis who control northern Yemen, according to The New York Times. These actions – including the blockade – , Shutting down the salaries of nearly one million public servants – have fallen back on civilians, and as the economy dies, millions are led to poverty and even more than poverty.
These Saudis actions have caused many disasters: for instance, infrastructure destruction, job losses, currency weakness and rising prices, the Newspaper says.
About 70 percent of working young people have lost their jobs, and according to a UN report in mid-2017, 70 percent of workers in private sector companies have been laid off.
Breaking eggs attracts people’s sympathy for children!
The ministry acknowledged that the coalition supporting the so-called “legitimate government” caused Yemen’s GDP to shrink by a third due to the war and a large and extensive destruction of the industrial sector in Yemen.
A new phenomenon has recently spread in many streets of the capital Sana’a, where children sell boiled eggs, but during war time, children have created a different and quick way to get money for living as they choose public places, and select one child to hold the eggs dish, then another child comes and push him until the eggs fall to the ground and broke after that he collapse and cry near the broken eggs. As a result, people sympathize with this child and give him the price of all the broken eggs.
We need to buy food, my father has no work, and I help my family to live. People give me money even without eating eggs, I just have to pretend I fall on the ground and throw the eggs on the ground until it break, some people give me money for the wholeeggs, so I keep doing this method every day to make a living for my family. .
This phenomenon has spread widely among childrenin Sana’a. “ people do not buy boiled eggs, and I barely sell 10 eggs a day”. Said Issam Khaled, 10 years – old.