DW-Yemen -Thousands of children have been oriented to go work at an early age, work for themselves and their families due to circumstances of the war in Yemen, which robbed them of the innocence of childhood, and their future by an early joining to the labor market, away of their rights in education, and living conditions.
The brutality of war has led many children to leave their schools and go to work in many works that are not suitable to their younger ages also risky for their life, only to help their families get food. some of them chose hard jobs such as blacksmithing, electricity, carpentry, selling water cans on the streets and selling vegetables.
Although the phenomenon of child labor has existed in Yemen for years, it has recently multiplied. Almost all shops have little children, such as brick factories, shops and Gat.
Reasons for child labor are many, like, the suspension of salaries of employees, including retirees and deceased, whose families depend on their salaries to ensure a living, is the most important aspect of the crisis, which has exacerbated the phenomenon of child labor.
Child labor is close to 10 percent before the war, but has grown during war time to close to 70 per cent, meaning that five million Yemeni children are currently active in the labor market and that 3 million have left school.
The latest official statistics estimate that the number of working children in Yemen exceeds 400 thousand working children belonging to the age group (10-14 years), the proportion of males is 55.8% and the proportion of females is 44.2%
The International Labor Organization (ILO) reported that 34.3 per cent of children aged between 5 and 17 were working in Yemen. Indicating that the number is on a continuous rise.
The organization asserts that there are 1.4 million children working in Yemen deprived of their most basic rights, creating a state of emergency that requires international action to help curb this phenomenon.
As the war continued, large numbers of displaced persons (mostly children and women) continued to flow into Sana’a from Taiz, Hajjah, Saada and Hodeidah, whose cities were subjected to continuous and violent bombardment by the parties to the conflict.
The United Nations says some 2.7 million Yemenis have been internally displaced by the conflict, half of them children.
As a result of the continuation of the war, Yemen’s children suffer from various kinds of deprivation and are in many cases subject to exploitation, physical and psychological violence and a complete absence of the role of human rights organizations.
Human rights activists warn of Yemen’s child labor rate is likely to rise as a result of rising internal displacement from hot spots, worsening economic conditions, rising prices continuing war, and stressing that the future of children is in danger of having to leave school at an early age. Many Yemeni children who have not been able to engage in work to help them and their families cope with the cost of living so they are being exploited to throw into the war.
UN Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, Virginia Gamba, explains that her office has demonstrated the exploitation of children in 20 locations in Yemen. She adds in a press conference held recently that the parties of the conflict on the fronts of the fighting use them in many locations as human shields.
“We have information on violations and kidnappings of children and women, children are taken from schools and universities, they are taken to war fronts, they have a denied access to aid, also being killed with their families if they refused of disobeyed.
She confirmed that 850 children had been taken by the Houthi group from schools and forced to engage in armed activities.
UNICEF says it is “difficult to measure the direct impact of conflict on children in Yemen” and adds that at least 2 million children are unable to attend school. The story of the children in Yemen is still suffering until further notice.
The tragedy of water for drink
Among the heat of the sun, Bani Sa’d in the governorate of Al-Mahweet continues to search for water to drink, especially the mountainous areas, among them poverty, epidemics, lack of services and lack of livelihood. But the biggest disaster is the search for water.
Women and children bear the brunt of this suffering. No small child, no pregnant or nursing woman survives the responsibility of bringing water. They go long distances up and down the rugged mountains and long in waiting for water. They sleep at the source of water which is often not drinkable but better than death from thirst.
This suffering has caused the spread of epidemics and diseases such as cholera, kidney disease and other diseases prevalent in Bani Sa’d because of contaminated water.
This child is afraid of an airstrikes in Sana’a ,Child was screaming Daddy , Daddy and run quickly .
The war on Yemen has affected children and many have left schools because warplanes are targeting schools.
A small child selling vegetables in the street to help his family, This child lives in the southern regions of Yemen in Hadhramot.
Every day the child takes his balance and goes to Tahrer Street near the office of the presidency and waits until people come and give him money to know their body weight. .Airstrikes targeted presidential office and the wall that this child used to sit beside to do his work with the balance measurement after that airstrikes, people are no more see this child working in this place.
An eight-years-old girl carrying her three-years-old sister, who is holding the flag of Yemen, sleeps on the shoulder of her sister, who works in Sanaa street, begging from the owners of cars.
Students in Taiz lead end-of-year tests ,They sit among the mud in the rain and sit on stones between cold and wind because of targeting of schools by the airstrikes.