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Yemen’s beautiful civilization during war time

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DW-Yemen .Traditional crafts in Yemen vary in the variety of Yemeni customs, traditions and lifestyles among the inhabitants of the mountain, the plain and from one region to another in Yemen.

That shows clearly through the traditional clothing of men and women, as well as jewelry, ornaments, Janabi, cotton, bamboo and headdresses made from palm leaves, as well as household utensils such as pottery and clay water jar.

We also see mastery and great mastering especially in the field of construction , architecture, and it shows on the facades of historic places, buildings, walls, castles and forts using stones.

Also, in the field of ​​the character of construction and architecture, we could see the craftsmanship and mastery of Yemeni craftsmanship in the components and facades of the palaces, historic buildings, fences, castles and forts using stones.

 In the field of sculpture, painting and composition using stones, wood, iron, copper and other traditional Yemeni materials (jewelry, ornamental and carpentry, doors, windows, ceramics)

For example, the jewelry industry, especially silver, is considered one of the important concerns in silver crafts till today, and the manufacture of household utensils of palm and pottery. The most important characteristic of this aspect is the uniqueness of its people in the manufacture of metal dishes and stone dishes.

Zabid city is one of the most important centers of the silver industry and the manufacture of swords, janabi and pottery industry and is famous for palm trees, which resemble palm trees and made of mattresses, coffins and cords.

Zaraneq Dance

The heritage dance of Thami, which has become a unique character that distinguishes people of Hodeidah, especially the tribes of “Zaraniq” Yemen, a beautiful dance characterized by people in Tihama and they usually participate by dancing in tourist events and also in other provinces.

Yemeni coffee

Yemeni coffee is one of the most famous coffee types in the world. One of the Yemeni customs and traditions is that they usually serve this great coffee to their guests, the coffee is considered an art where people brag specifically Yemeni tribes, especially in the city of Marib and Al Jawf.

The Raha .. Mill

The mill is one of the oldest household tools that people have known until recently. It is made up of two stones in a circular way. It is the only mill that many people are keen to acquire to use in grinding grains. It was known in our heritage for a long time as one of the important tools for families. In the past, the mill was the work of flour milling machines in the present time, and it was found in every house and sometimes in every single lane used by the population of women, as grinding grains considered as their basic tasks, It is used today in many Yemeni villages such as Hajjah, Mahweet, Saada and Ibb.

Swing .. The traditions of its manufacturers are associated with the Hajj season to resist extinction

In the old city of Sana’a between its walls, there are traditions and ancient traditions that shorten the stages of Yemeni history

 The Yemenis receive the pilgrimage season with traditions and customs.one of these traditions is Swing ( Orjoha) It is one of the traditions of the pilgrims to celebrate the celebration of the pilgrims since they leave their homes and go to Mecca until they return. It is also accompanied by the farewell of pilgrims and their reception of religious songs, which celebrate the person who goes for Hajj

 The war threatens the Yemeni civilization .. A number of cultural landmarks and archaeological cities were exposed to aerial bombardment

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211 monuments and 255 tourist facilities were bombed by air strikes in Yemen 70 sites,  archeological and tourist sites were destroyed by the coalition raids led by Saudi Arabia and damaged thousands of artifacts during the war in Yemen, The archaeological sites were extensively destroyed by the Arab Alliance, the most prominent being the “Palace of Arms,” ​​east The city of Sana’a was destroyed by coalition aircraft on June 12, 2015, with archaeological buildings in the old city of Sana’a and the presidential palace.

The village of Faj ‘Atan was completely or partially destroyed in December 2017 due to the continuous bombing of Sana’a by the Arab coalition airstrikes.

In Sana’a, the mosque and mausoleum of Imam Abdul Razzaq al-Sannani, author of the Encyclopedia of the Hadith and Sheikh Imam al-Shafi’i of Sinhan, was destroyed on Friday 10 April 2015 by a large bombardment of Arab coalition airstrikes.

Taiz city (south-west of Yemen). The report revealed that the historic Cairo Citadel, which was built in the era of the Crusader state (1045-1138), was partially destroyed by the aerial bombardment of the alliance, in mid-June 2015, The Houthis took a military position to bomb the densely populated city.

The Saeed Cultural Foundation in Taiz, which housed hundreds of thousands of valuable books, including rare titles, was completely burned down on January 12, 2016,

Aden (south of the country), the “National Museum” in “Crater”, one of the most important features of the city and its historical cultural symbols, which dates back to 1912, under the reign of Sultan Fadl bin Ali Abdali

The ancient “ Sayra Castle” was targeted in the city of Aden, which was built in the 11th century AD, had a defensive role in the life of the city during the various historical stages. The report stated that it was also destroyed in June 2015 because of coalition bombing of the fortress.

The city of Saada (northern Yemen) is also destroyed

The city of Saada (north of Yemen) is also destroyed with its historical monuments. According to a report, in September 2015, the old city of Saada was shelled and damaged. Most of the buildings were destroyed, including the Hadi Mosque, the largest mosque in the city since 290 AH.

The ancient city of Brakesh in the northern province of Jouf, which dates back to the fifth century BC, was targeted by the bombing of the coalition by the organization in August 2015, resulting in the destruction of the city’s ancient walls.

Targeting Yemen’s cultural landmarks is a war on Yemeni memory and history. “When the Yemeni cultural memory is destroyed in cities and landmarks that are thousands of years old, here Yemen’s history is awakened”.

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